Structure of outcome beliefs in condom use

Dolores Albarracín, Ringo M. Ho, Penny S. McNatt, Wendy R. Williams, Fen Rhodes, C. Kevin Malotte, Tamara Hoxworth, Gail A. Bolan, Jonathan Zenilman, Michael Iatesta, Carolyn Erwin-Johnson, Andrew L. Lentz, Mary A. Staat, Dawn Sweet, John M. Douglas, Ken Miller, William McGill, Ruth Bundy, Laura A. Hoyt, Eileen NapolitanoJudy Rogers, Ken Spiltany, Colleen Le Drew, Kimberly A.J. Coleman, Luna Hananel, Charlotte K. Kent, Robert Francis, Christopher Gordon, Nancy Rosenshine, Carmita Signes, Sevgi Aral, Robert H. Byers, Beth Dillon, Martin Fishbein, Sandra Graziano, Mary L. Kamb, William Killean, James Newhall, Robin MacGowan, Daniel Newman, Carol Orsini, Thomas Peterman, Karen L. Willis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To study the structure of beliefs about condom use outcomes, the authors derived and tested 4 psychosocial hypothetical models: (a) a 2-factor model of the personal and social outcomes of condom use; (b) a 2-factor model of the pros and cons of the behavior; (c) a 3-factor model (i.e., physical, self-evaluative, and social) of outcome expectancies; and (d) a thematic 4-factor model of the protection, self-concept, pleasure, and interaction implications of the behavior. All 4 models were studied with a confirmatory factor analysis approach in a multisite study of 4,638 participants, and the thematic solution was consistently the most plausible. Self-concept and pleasure were most strongly associated with attitudes toward using condoms, intentions to use condoms, and actual condom use, whereas protection and interaction generally had little influence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-468
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Belief structure
  • Condom use
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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