Structure and expression of germline immunoglobulin γ3 heavy chain gene transcripts: Implications for mitogen and lymphokine directed class-switching

Paul Rothman, Stuart Lutzker, Beverly Gorham, Valerie Stewart, Robert Coffman, Frederick W. Alt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have characterized the structure and expression of transcripts synthesized from the murlne germline immunoglobulin γ3 heavy chain gene In certain B-llneage cells. The transcripts initiate upstream of the switch γ3 region, generating a 5' exon that is spliced to Cγ3 exons. Expression of this germline transcript is induced when splenic B cells or A-MuLV-transformed pre-B cell lines are cultured in the presence of lipopoiysaccharide (LPS). Addition of lnterleukln-4 (IL-4) to these lipopoiysaccharide (LPS) cultures dramatically Inhibits Induction of the germline γ3 transcript. Induction of germline γ3 transcripts occurs before the Increased accumulation of 73-produclng cells and VDJγ-3 mRNA in cultures of splenic B cells. These data provide further evidence that germline Ch transcriptional units are Important components In the regulation of heavy chain class-switching. In addition, the pre-B cell lines that we describe represent the first example of permanent cell lines that regulate expression of the germline 7 locus In response to LPS plus IL-4 treatment in a manner analogous to normal B cells; therefore these lines should represent an excellent model system to further study the molecular mechanisms by which germline expression is regulated by these agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-627
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • CDNA cloning
  • Class-switch recombination
  • Heavy chain
  • Interleukin-4
  • Iγ regions
  • Lipopoiysacchande

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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