The structural basis of the tRNA selection process is investigated by cryo-electron microscopy of ribosomes programmed with UGA codons and incubated with ternary complex (TC) containing the near-cognate Trp-tRNA Trp in the presence of kirromycin. Going through more than 350 000 images and employing image classification procedures, we find ∼48% in which the TC is bound to the ribosome. The reconstructed 3D map provides a means to characterize the arrangement of the near-cognate aa-tRNA with respect to elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and the ribosome, as well as the domain movements of the ribosome. One of the interesting findings is that near-cognate tRNA's acceptor stem region is flexible and CCA end becomes disordered. The data bring direct structural insights into the induced-fit mechanism of decoding by the ribosome, as the analysis of the interactions between small and large ribosomal subunit, aa-tRNA and EF-Tu and comparison with the cognate case (UGG codon) offers clues on how the conformational signals conveyed to the GTPase differ in the two cases.
- tRNA incorporation
- ternary complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)