Structural alterations of the FAS gene in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL)

Jianqiang Wu, Jawed Siddiqui, Minakshi Nihal, Eric C. Vonderheid, Gary S. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

FAS (TNF receptor superfamily member 6, also known as CD95) plays a major role in T-cell apoptosis and is often dysregulated in CTCL. We searched for structural alterations of the FAS gene with the potential to affect its function. Although several heterozygous FAS promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected, the only homozygous one was the -671 GG SNP present in 24/80 CTCL cases (30%). This SNP maps to an interferon response element activated by STAT-1. EMSA and supershift EMSA showed decreased CTCL nuclear protein/STAT-1 binding to oligonucleotides bearing this SNP. Luciferase reporters showed significantly less interferon-alfa responsive expression by FAS promoter constructs containing this SNP in multiple CTCL lines. Finally, FAS was upregulated by interferon-alfa in wildtype CTCL cells but not those bearing the -671 GG SNP. These findings indicate that many CTCL patients harbor the homozygous FAS promoter -671 GG SNP capable of blunting its response to interferon. This may have implications for CTCL pathogenesis, racial incidence and the response of patients to interferon-alfa therapy. In contrast, functionally significant mutations in FAS coding sequences were detected uncommonly. Among CTCL lines with the potential to serve as models of FAS regulation, FAS-high MyLa had both FAS alleles, FAS-low HH was FAS-hemizygous and FAS-negative SeAx was FAS-null.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume508
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

Keywords

  • FAS gene
  • Mycosis fungoides
  • Sézary syndrome
  • SNPs
  • T-cell lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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