Stromal-epithelial measurements of prostate cancer in native Japanese and Japanese-American men

R. W. Veltri, J. Park, M. C. Miller, L. Marks, M. Kojima, C. van Rootselaar, M. A. Khan, A. W. Partin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We measured the histologic stromal and epithelial tissue components of the benign (normal) and malignant tissue compartments of Japanese-Americans (J-A) and native Japanese (NJ) men living in Japan. The patient cohort included 25 NJ men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) in Nagoya, Japan and 25 J-A (second or third generation US born). We conducted tissue image quantitation (in-house image software) of the stromal and epithelial compartments in malignant and adjacent normal tissue areas from a tissue microarray (TMA) selected from radical prostatectomy (RP) blocks. Stromal-epithelial (S-E) areas were determined using immunohistochemical stains for CAM-5.2 epithelial cytokeratin marker and the Masson trichrome stain to measure the stroma component. We observed differences in the volumes of normal and cancer epithelium and stroma within both the J-A and NJ study populations (P<0.01). Only the individual average cancer epithelium (CE) volume (JA=24.1 vs NJ=29.9) differed significantly between the NJ and J-A study populations (P=0.03). Consequently, the S-E ratio in NJ group was significantly different from that of J-A population (P=0.05). The decrease in S-E ratio noted in the malignant tissues of NJ prostate tissue may provide a biological marker for differentiation of the two groups and suggests a need for further investigations into the molecular basis for these histologic differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalProstate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Image analysis
  • Nutrition
  • Prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Stromal-epithelial ratios

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology
  • Cancer Research

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