We examined the effect of a nitric oxide (NO) quencher, stroma-free human hemoglobin A (HbA0; 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 g/kg), on the blood flow measured using the Doppler flow technique, tumor oxygen pressure (pO2) and the diameter of the arterioles using R3230Ac mammary adenocarcinoma as the tumor model. In female Fischer 344 rats with 1-cm-diameter tumors implanted in the lateral aspect of the left quadriceps, intravenous infusion of 0.1 and 0.2 g/kg HbA0 decreased both central tumor and peripheral tumor blood flow by 20-30% (P < 0.05). Tumor pO2 decreased 28% with 0.2 g/kg HbA0, from 15 mm Hg (baseline) to 11 mm Hg at 10 min (P = 0.02). Although 0.2 g/kg HbA0 increased blood flow 55% in the left quadriceps muscle proximal to the implanted tumor (P < 0.051, HbA0 had little effect on blood flow in right quadriceps muscle with no tumor implanted, and increased right quadriceps pO2, from 21 mm Hg (baseline) to 23 mm Hg at 10 min (P = 0.03). HbA0 increased mean arterial pressure 5-10% in a manner that was dependent on dose while heart rate concurrently decreased 9-19%. The diameter of the arterioles supplying the tumor was rapidly reduced 10% by 0.2 g/kg HbA0 (P = 0.037) and remained stable through 60 min of observation (P = 0.005). HbA0 selectively reduces tumor blood flow and tumor pO2 through vasoconstriction of the arterioles supplying the tumor. Vascular NO quenching provides an alternative to NO synthase inhibition as a means to achieve the goal of selective tumor hypoxia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging