We investigated the effect of changing arterial input impedance over three selected frequency ranges on stroke volume (SV) in nine isolated canine left ventricles. The input impedance was simulated with a three-element Windkessel model (i.e., resistance, characteristic impedance, and compliance) and was imposed on the ventricles with a servo-controlled loading system. Under a constant end-diastolic volume [33.1 ± 1.5 (SE) ml], we changed the modulus of the afterloaded impedance over a low frequency range (below 0.13 Hz) by changing the resistance, over a transitional frequency range (in which the impedance modulus decreases from total resistance to characteristic impedance) by changing the compliance, and over a high frequency range (above 2.0 Hz) by changing the characteristic impedance. Each of the impedance components was changed from control to 50 and 200% of control. SV sensitively decreased from 16.1 ± 0.7 to 7.4 ± 0.5 ml in response to the increase in the low-frequency impedance modulus. SV was relatively insensitive, however, to the same percent increase in the impedance modulus over the transitional frequency range (from 11.2 ± 0.6 to 12.3 ± 0.7 ml) and over the high frequency range (from 11.9 ± 0.6 to 11.6 ± 0.7 ml). The average relative sensitivities of SV to the increase and decrease in impedance moduli in these frequency ranges were 1.2:0.12:0.04. We conclude that the modulus of impedance in the low frequency range is, by far, a more important determinant of SV than those in the transitional and high frequency ranges.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)