Stress and Energy Homeostasis

Kellie Tamashiro, R. R. Sakai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Stress, regardless of whether it is encountered during gestation, the early postnatal period, or in adulthood, has significant consequences on energy homeostasis of an organism. The mechanisms for stress-induced changes in energy homeostasis are not clear and the subject of active study. Endocrine and neural systems involved in regulation of feeding behavior such as the leptin and melanocortin systems are implicated with the HPA axis and the stress response. It is clear that there are intersections among these systems that may serve to mediate the homeostatic and nonhomeostatic effects of stress on food intake, feeding behavior, and overall energy homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages322-327
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080914558
ISBN (Print)9780080453965
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)
  • Energy homeostasis
  • Food intake
  • Ghrelin
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis
  • Maternal separation stress
  • Metabolic programming
  • Neuropeptide-Y (NPY)
  • Obesity
  • Prenatal stress
  • Proopiomelanocortin (POMC)
  • Psychosocial stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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