Strategies to Minimize Surgeon Radiation Exposure in Spinal Surgery

Matthew Goodwin, Zach Pennington, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For over 100 years, radiation exposure has concerned physicians. Currently, most spine surgeons utilize imaging modalities that rely on radiation in the operating room on a near-daily basis. Recommendations on limits to radiation exposure and ways to minimize that radiation exposure should be familiar to all spine surgeons. Here we review both radiation exposure in the operating room as well as multiple strategies, technologies, and techniques that allow for surgeons to minimize radiation exposure to themselves, their staff, and the patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100717
JournalOperative Techniques in Orthopaedics
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


  • freehand instrumentation
  • intraoperative imaging
  • radiation
  • radiation exposure
  • surgeon safety
  • x-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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