Strategies to avoid wrong-site surgery during spinal procedures

Wesley Hsu, Ryan M. Kretzer, Michael J. Dorsi, Ziya L. Gokaslan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Wrong-site surgery (WSS) is a rare occurrence that can have devastating consequences for patient care. There are several factors inherent to spine surgery that increase the risk of WSS compared with other types of surgery. Not only can a surgeon potentially operate on the wrong side of the spine or the wrong level, but there are unique issues related to spinal localization that can be challenging for even the most experienced clinicians. The following review discusses important issues that can help prevent WSS during spinal procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE5
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011



  • "Time-out" process
  • Complication
  • Medical malpractice
  • Spinal localization
  • Wrong-site surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Hsu, W., Kretzer, R. M., Dorsi, M. J., & Gokaslan, Z. L. (2011). Strategies to avoid wrong-site surgery during spinal procedures. Neurosurgical focus, 31(4), [E5].