Strategies for Recruiting Steady Male Partners of Female Sex Workers for HIV Research

Paul J. Fleming, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Steady male partners of female sex workers (FSW) are a key population for HIV prevention, but researchers face challenges finding and recruiting this population. We conducted 40 in-depth interviews with FSW and steady male partners of FSW in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic about how to engage steady male partners in HIV research. Participants cautioned that male partners might be unwilling to participate because of discomfort disclosing intimate information and cultural norms of masculinity. They recommended inviting male partners to research offices, instead of venue-based recruitment, because it was more private and trust-promoting. Most participants suggested that FSW could refer their partners or men could refer their friends who have FSW partners. Participants emphasized that referrals could break down trust-related barriers that prevent male partners from participating. Establishing an environment of respect and trust in the research setting can aid referral processes as individuals who participate communicate their positive experiences to their networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-368
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2015


  • Female sex workers
  • Male partners
  • Men
  • Non-commercial partners
  • Recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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