Stoichiometry of mitochondrial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation at level flow

L. E. Costa, B. Reynafarje, A. L. Lehninger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanistic stoichiometry of vectorial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation by rat liver mitochondria in the presence of a permeant cation has been determined under level flow conditions with a membraneless fast responding O2 electrode kinetically matched with a glass pH electrode. The reactions were initiated by rapid injection of O2 into the anaerobically preincubated test system under conditions in which interfering H+ backflow was minimized. The rates of O2 uptake and H+ ejection, obtained from computer-fitted regression lines, were monotonic and first order over 75% of the course of O2 consumption. Extrapolarization of the observed rates to zero time, at which zero Δμ(H+) and thus level flow prevails, yielded vectorial H+/O flow ratios above 7 and closely approaching 8. The mitochondria undergo no irreversible change and give identical H+/O ratios on repeated tests. In a further refinement, the lower and upper limits of the mechanistic H+/O ratio were determined to be 7.55 and 8.56, respectively, from plots of the rates of O2 uptake versus H+ ejection at increasing malonate and increasing valinomycin concentrations, respectively. It is therefore concluded that the mechanistic H+/O ratio for energy-conserving sites 2 + 3 is 8, in confirmation of earlier measurements. KCl concentration is critical for maximal observed H+/O ratios. Optimum conditions and possible errors in determination of mechanistic H+/O translocation ratios are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4802-4811
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1984

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Mitochondria
Succinic Acid
Stoichiometry
Electrodes
Valinomycin
Oxidation
Liver Mitochondrion
Liver
Glass
Cations
Rats
Injections
malonic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Stoichiometry of mitochondrial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation at level flow. / Costa, L. E.; Reynafarje, B.; Lehninger, A. L.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 259, No. 8, 1984, p. 4802-4811.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Costa, LE, Reynafarje, B & Lehninger, AL 1984, 'Stoichiometry of mitochondrial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation at level flow', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 259, no. 8, pp. 4802-4811.
Costa, L. E. ; Reynafarje, B. ; Lehninger, A. L. / Stoichiometry of mitochondrial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation at level flow. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1984 ; Vol. 259, No. 8. pp. 4802-4811.
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