Stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic, or ictal discharges (SIRPIDs) are a relatively common phenomenon found on prolonged electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring that captures state changes and stimulation of critically ill patients. Common causes include hypoxic injury, traumatic brain injury, and hemorrhage, as well as toxic-metabolic disturbances. Some studies have shown an association between SIRPIDs and the presence of spontaneous electrographic seizures. Although the degree to which SIRPIDs should be treated with antiepileptic medications is unknown, the rare cases of functional imaging obtained in patients with SIRPIDs have not shown an increase in cerebral blood flow to suggest an active ictal process. Stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic, or ictal discharges may reflect dysregulation of thalamo-cortical projections into abnormal or hyperexcitable cortex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society|
|State||Published - May 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Physiology (medical)