Similar maximal rates of gastric acid secretion are achieved with histamine and gastrin stimulation in human, dog, or cat, but gastrin produces higher rates than histamine in the rat. Gastric acid secretion was measured in seven nonsedated, alert, chaired rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Dose-response studies were performed using intravenous histamine or tetragastrin. These studies showed histamine to be a much more efficacious and more potent stimulant of gastric acid secretion than tetragastrin in the monkey. Both histamine and tetragastrin had similar potency and efficacy in the dog, while tetragastrin, pentagastrin, and hog heptadecapeptide were similarly less active than histamine in the monkey. Background carbachol (4 μg/kg/hr) did not affect the histamine or tetragastrin dose-response curves. Histamine stimulation with background tetragastrin (64 μg/kg/hr) did not produce a dose-response curve statistically different from histamine alone. Tetragastrin stimulation with background histamine (60 μg/kg/hr) increased the tetragastrin dose-response curve, with a probable additive effect. We conclude that the rhesus monkey differs from cat, dog, and man in that gastrin and its analogs are not able to stimulate maximal acid secretion to the level achieved by histamine.
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