Stereospecificity of the products of the fatty acid oxygenases derived from psoriatic scales

A. N. Baer, P. B. Costello, F. A. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The principal in vivo oxygenase products of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid in psoriatic skin scales are 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (R/S ratio = 5.7), 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (S/R = 1.9), and 9-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (R/S = 2.4). Definition of the enzymatic origin of these fatty acid derivatives is an important step in assessing their possible role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Psoriatic skin scales were incubated with radiolabeled arachidonic acid and linoleic acid and the monohydroxylated derivatives produced in vitro were characterized. The products of incubation with [3H]arachidonic acid were an enantiopure 15(S)-[3H]hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid steroisomers (R/S ratio = 4.5). An enantiopure 13(S)-[14C]hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid was produced from [14C]linoleic acid. No radiolabeled products were derived from incubations with heat-denatured scales. These results provide evidence for two distinct oxygenase activities that are preserved in psoriatic skin scales. One is that of an ω-6 oxygenase with strict (S) stereospecificity, consistent with the activity of a lipoxygenase. This enzyme activity appears to be similar to that of the 15-lipoxygenase which has been described in cultured human keratinocytes. The second activity is that of an arachidonic acid 12(R)-oxygenase that has not been observed in normal human epidermis but which appears to be expressed in psoriatic epidermis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 12(R)-oxygenase
  • 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • 15-lipoxygenase
  • arachidonic acid
  • psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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