Stem cells in the heart: What's the buzz all about?-Part 1: Preclinical considerations

Rachel Ruckdeschel Smith, Lucio Barile, Elisa Messina, Eduardo Marbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New approaches for cardiac repair have been enabled by the discovery that the heart contains its own reservoir of stem cells. These cells are positive for various stem/progenitor cell markers, are self-renewing, and exhibit multilineage differentiation potential. Recently we developed a method for ex vivo expansion of cardiac-derived stem cells from human myocardial biopsies with a view to subsequent autologous transplantation for myocardial regeneration. Here we review the state of the cardiac stem cell field and our own work on cardiosphere-derived stem cells from human hearts. The first of this two-part review outlines emerging preclinical data on the application of cardiac stem cells. Part 2 continues with a discussion of other stem cell sources with clinical potential, a summary of the critical issues surrounding stem cell therapy (with an emphasis on the crucial issue of how cell transplantation may influence arrhythmias), our perception of clinical stem cell trials to date, and the issues facing the clinical application of cardiac stem cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-757
Number of pages9
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Stem Cells
Autologous Transplantation
Cell Transplantation
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Regeneration
Biopsy

Keywords

  • Biopsy
  • Cardiac stem cells
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Stem cells in the heart : What's the buzz all about?-Part 1: Preclinical considerations. / Smith, Rachel Ruckdeschel; Barile, Lucio; Messina, Elisa; Marbán, Eduardo.

In: Heart Rhythm, Vol. 5, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 749-757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Rachel Ruckdeschel ; Barile, Lucio ; Messina, Elisa ; Marbán, Eduardo. / Stem cells in the heart : What's the buzz all about?-Part 1: Preclinical considerations. In: Heart Rhythm. 2008 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 749-757.
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