Background: The Snoring, Trouble Breathing, and Un-Refreshed (STBUR) questionnaire is a five-question screening tool for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing and risk for perioperative respiratory adverse events in children. The utility of this questionnaire as a preoperative risk-stratification tool has not been investigated. In view of limited availability of screening tools for preoperative pediatric sleep-disordered breathing, we evaluated the questionnaire's performance for postanesthesia adverse events that can impact postanesthesia care and disposition. Methods: The retrospective study protocol was approved by the institutional research board. The data were analyzed using two different definitions for a positive screening based on a five-point scale: low threshold (scores 1 to 5) and high threshold (score of 5). The primary outcome was based on the following criteria: (a) supplemental oxygen therapy following postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay until hospital discharge, (b) greater than two hours during phase 1 recovery, (c) anesthesia emergency activation in the PACU, and (d) unplanned hospital admission. Results: About 6025 patients completed the questionnaire during the preoperative evaluation. And 1522 patients had a low threshold score and 270 had a high-threshold score. We found statistically significant associations in three outcomes based on the low threshold score: supplemental oxygen therapy (negative-predictive value [NPV] 0.97, 95% CI 0.97-98), PACU recovery time (NPV 0.99, 95% CI 0.99-0.99) and escalation of care (NPV 0.98, 95% CI 0.97-0.98). Positive-predictive values were statistically significant for all outcomes except anesthesia emergency in the PACU. Conclusion: The Snoring, Trouble Breathing, and Un-Refreshed questionnaire identified patients at higher risk for prolonged phase 1 recovery, oxygen therapy requirement, and escalation of care. The questionnaire's high-negative predictive value and specificity may make it useful as a screening tool to identify patients at low risk for prolonged stay in PACU.
- adverse events
- obstructive sleep apnea
- postanesthesia care unit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine