Status of adolescent pelvic inflammatory disease management in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common and serious reproductive health disorder and disease rates remain unacceptably high among adolescent girls and young adult women in the United States. Despite data demonstrating that women experience major adverse health outcomes after PID, national recommendations for management of adolescents have become increasingly less cautious in an era of cost-containment. In this review, we take an alternative look at published data on adolescents with PID to frame the next steps for optimizing management for this vulnerable population. RECENT FINDINGS: Several findings emerge from review of the literature. First, there is limited evidence to guide the best practice strategies for adolescents with PID due to low enrolment of early and middle adolescents in national trials. Second, adolescents and adult women in the United States receive suboptimal treatment regimens per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) standards. Third, available evidence suggests that adolescents are at an increased risk for poor adherence to CDC recommendations for self-care, reacquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and PID, and subsequent adverse reproductive health outcomes. SUMMARY: Efforts to develop and integrate adolescent-focused, evidence-based strategies for PID management and prevention of subsequent STIs and recurrent PID are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-356
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Disease Management
Reproductive Health
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Cost Control
Vulnerable Populations
Self Care
Practice Guidelines
Young Adult
Health

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Status of adolescent pelvic inflammatory disease management in the United States. / Trent, Maria E.

In: Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 25, No. 5, 10.2013, p. 350-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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