The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve is the most commonly used measure of the ability of a biomarker to distinguish between two populations. Some markers are subject to substantial measurement error. Under normality assumptions, the authors develop a confidence interval procedure for the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve that adjusts for measurement error. This procedure assumes the availability of data from a reliability study of the biomarker. A simulation study was used to check the validity of the proposed confidence interval. Furthermore, it was shown that not adjusting for measurement error could result in a serious understatement of the effectiveness of the biomarker.
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Repeated measures
- Thiobarbituric acid reaction substances
ASJC Scopus subject areas