State-space models of evoked potentials to localize the seizure onset zone

Rachel J. Smith, Golnoosh Kamali, Mark Hays, Christopher G. Coogan, Nathan E. Crone, Sridevi V. Sarma, Joon Y. Kang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Surgical removal of the seizure onset zone (SOZ) in epilepsy patients is a potentially curative treatment, but the process heavily relies on accurate localization of the SOZ via visual inspection. SPES (Single-pulse electrical stimulation) is a method recently used to explore inter-areal connectivity in vivo to probe functional brain networks such as language and motor networks, and to a much lesser degree, seizure networks. We hypothesized that a dynamical quantification of the connectivity networks derived from the evoked responses induced by SPES could also be used to localize the SOZ. To test our hypothesis, we used an intracranial EEG (iEEG) data set in which five epilepsy patients underwent extensive SPES evaluation. For each patient, and for each dataset that stimulated a different pair of electrodes, we constructed a state-space model from the patient's data. Specifically, we simultaneously estimated model parameters under an exogenous pulse input to a dynamical system whose state vector consisted of the response iEEG signals. Then, the size of the reachable state space, as quantified by the maximum singular value of the reachability matrix, σmax(R), was computed and denoted as the largest network response possible when stimulating the given pair. Our results suggest high agreement between σmax(R) and clinically annotated SOZ for patients with localizable SOZs.Clinical Relevance - Our study applies dynamical systems theory to identify epileptogenic brain regions, creating a novel tool that clinicians may use in surgical planning for medically-refractory epilepsy patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2528-2531
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'State-space models of evoked potentials to localize the seizure onset zone'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this