Stability of liver fibrosis among HCV-infected injection drug users

Shruti H. Mehta, Gregory D. Kirk, Jacquie Astemborski, Mark S. Sulkowski, Nezam H. Afdhal, David L. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There are few published data characterizing patterns of liver stiffness measurements (LSMs) among HCV-infected persons and their potential impact on clinical decisions (for example, deferring treatment and hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance). Methods: A total of 591 HCV-infected injection drug users in a community-based cohort had four LSMs. We used semi-parametric latent class growth modelling to identify patterns, which then became a gold standard against which we characterized validity of information from the initial measurements. Results: Median age was 49, 68% were male, 92% African-American and 33% HIV-coinfected. The median LSM at visit 1 was 6.7 kPa (IQR 5.3-8.8). Over a median 1.75 years, LSM measures were stable; median change between visits was 0 kPa (IQR -1.4-1.7). Only 3% had evidence of fibrosis progression. Other groups included stable patterns of no fibrosis (59%), moderate fibrosis (21%), severe fibrosis (7%) and cirrhosis (9%). Individuals with fibrosis progression were more likely to be HIV-infected than those with stable low fibrosis (P<0.001). The diagnostic accuracy of the first LSM for identification of need for cancer surveillance (cirrhosis ≥12.3 kPa) was high (positive predictive value =97%). Although no single low LSM had high negative predictive value for significant fibrosis (metavir <2), individuals with two or more low results rarely had progression. Conclusions: These data underscore the stability of liver fibrosis in a cohort of predominantly African-American HCV-infected persons over 1.75 years, support using LSMs to monitor untreated persons at risk for progression and assess need for hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalAntiviral therapy
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stability of liver fibrosis among HCV-infected injection drug users'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this