Stability and change in personality assessment: The Revised NEO Personality Inventory in the year 2000

Paul T. Costa, Robert R. McCrae

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) consists of 30 facet scales that define the broad domains of the Five-Factor Model of personality. No major revisions of the basic model are anticipated in the near future. Despite their popularity, social desirability and inconsistency scales will not be added to the NEO-PI-R because their validity and utility have not yet been demonstrated. Among possible changes are minor modifications in wording and more extensive adaptations for adolescents and for populations with low reading levels. Contextualized (e.g., work-related) versions of the instrument will be further explored. Many changes are more easily implemented on the computer than the print version of the instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this