Background: Approximately 10% to 20% of children are readmitted after congenital heart surgery. Very little is known about biomarkers as predictors of risk of unplanned readmission after pediatric congenital heart surgery. Novel cardiac biomarker ST2 may be associated with risk of unplanned readmission. ST2 concentrations are believed to reflect cardiovascular stress and fibrosis. Our objective was to explore the relationship between pre- and postoperative ST2 biomarker levels and risk of readmission within 1 year after congenital heart surgery. Methods: We prospectively enrolled pediatric patients aged < 18 years who underwent at least 1 congenital heart operation at Johns Hopkins Hospital from 2010 to 2014. Plasma samples were collected immediately before surgery and at the end of bypass. We used Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multivariable Cox regression models to adjust for variables used in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database mortality risk model. Results: Of our cohort of 145 patients, we found 39 children with readmissions within 365 days. The median time to unplanned readmission was 54 days (interquartile range, 10-153). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a significant difference across terciles of pre- and postoperative ST2 biomarker levels. After adjustment, elevated serum levels of ST2 measured preoperatively and postoperatively were associated with increased risk of readmission (hazard ratio, 2.5-3.7; all P < .05). Conclusions: Elevated levels of ST2 are significantly associated with increased risk of unplanned readmission within 1 year after pediatric congenital heart surgery. Novel serum biomarker ST2 can be used for risk stratification or estimating postsurgical prognosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine