Caenorhabditis elegans sqv mutants are defective in vulval epithelial invagination and have a severe reduction in hermaphrodite fertility. The gene sqv-7 encodes a multitransmembrane hydrophobic protein resembling nucleotide sugar transporters of the Golgi membrane. A Golgi vesicle enriched fraction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing SQV-7 transported UDP-glucuronic acid, UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine, and UDP-galactose (Gal) in a temperature-dependent and saturable manner. These nucleotide sugars are competitive, alternate, noncooperative substrates. The two mutant sqv-7 missense alleles resulted in a severe reduction of these three transport activities. SQV-7 did not transport CMP-sialic acid, GDP-fucose, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine, UDP-glucose, or GDP-mannose. SQV-7 is able to transport UDP-Gal in vivo, as shown by its ability to complement the phenotype of Madin-Darby canine kidney ricin resistant cells, a mammalian cell line deficient in UDP-Gal transport into the Golgi. These results demonstrate that unlike most nucleotide sugar transporters, SQV-7 can transport multiple distinct nucleotide sugars. We propose that SQV-7 translocates multiple nucleotide sugars into the Golgi lumen for the biosynthesis of glycoconjugates that play a pivotal role in development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 27 2001|
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