Periodic photographic and angiographic surveys of patients with the earliest stages of sickle retinopathy showed a number of fundus findings. In seven cases (sickle cell anemia, four; sickle cell hemoglobin C, three), these findings included: (1) a variety of vascular abnormalities in the equatorial and post-equatorial retina such as segmented dilations of the vessel walls, hairpin-shaped vascular loops, hypertrophic, tortuous A-V anastomoses, intraluminal plugs, closure and loss of capillary bed, and terminal budding of capillaries; and (2) a continuous, spontaneous remodeling of the peripheral retinal vasculature due to successive closures and reopenings of equatorial retinal vessels. A centripetal recession of the peripheral retinal vasculature usually resulted. No correlation between the ophthalmoscopic and the systemic condition of the patients could be made.
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