Spontaneous regression of high-grade cervical dysplasia: Effects of human papillomavirus type and HLA phenotype

Cornelia L. Trimble, Steven Piantadosi, Patti Gravitt, Brigitte Ronnett, Ellen Pizer, Andrea Elko, Barbara Wilgus, William Yutzy, Richard Daniel, Keerti Shah, Shiwen Peng, Chienfu Hung, Richard Roden, Tzyy Choou Wu, Drew Pardoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Persistent infection with oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) plays a central etiologic role in the development of squamous carcinomas of the cervix and their precursor lesions, cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CIN). We carried out a prospective observational cohort study evaluating known, quantifiable prognostic variables of clinical behavior in women with high-grade cervical lesions. Experimental Design: Our study cohort included healthy women with high-grade cervical lesions (CIN2/3) with residual visible lesions after colposcopically directed biopsy. We prospectively followed 100 women over 15 weeks before standard resection. HPV typing was done using PCR and a reverse line blot detection method. Results: The rate of spontaneous histologic regression, defined as (CIN1 or less at resection) was 28%. The overall rate of HPV infection was 100%. HPV16 was identified in 68% of the lesions. Women with HPV16 only were significantly less likely to regress, compared with women with HPV types other than HPV16 (odds ratio, 0.342; 95% confidence interval, 0.117-0.997; P = 0.049). In the cohort with HPV16 only, patients who had an HLA*A201 allele had similar outcomes to those who did not carry A201. However, among patients with HPV types other than HPV16, the HLA*A201 allele interaction was significant; patients with HLA*A201 were the least likely to resolve. Conclusions: CIN2/3 lesions associated with HPV16 alone are significantly less likely to resolve spontaneously than those caused by other types. Interactions among HPV type, HLA type, and regression rate support a role for HLA-restricted HPV-specific immune responses in determining disease outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4717-4723
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume11
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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