Spontaneous production of a suppressor factor by the human macrophage-like cell line U937. I. Suppression of interleukin 1, interleukin 2, and mitogen-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes

H. Fujiwara, J. J. Ellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The human macrophage-like cell line U937 spontaneously produced a nondialyzable factor that inhibited interleukin 1 (IL 1), interleukin 2 (IL 2), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes. The suppression by U937 supernatant factor occurred independently of the concentration of IL 1 or PHA, indicating that it was non-competitive. The U937 suppressor factor was not cytotoxic for thymocytes, nor did it affect the spontaneous proliferation of T lymphoblastoid cell lines and U937. Physicochemical characterization showed that the U937 suppressor factor was non-dialyzable, partially inactivated by heat treatment (56°C), ammonium sulfate (67% saturation) precipitable, sensitive to pH 2.5, and resistant to freeze-thawing. Molecular weight of the factor inhibiting co-mitogenic IL 1 activity was approximately 85,000, as estimated by gel filtration. The U937 cell line may provide a model for the study of mechanisms and mediators of immunosuppression by mononuclear phagocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume136
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Thymocytes
Lymphocyte Activation
Interleukin-1
Mitogens
Interleukin-2
Macrophages
Phytohemagglutinins
Cell Line
U937 Cells
Ammonium Sulfate
Phagocytes
Immunosuppression
Gel Chromatography
Hot Temperature
Molecular Weight
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Spontaneous production of a suppressor factor by the human macrophage-like cell line U937. I. Suppression of interleukin 1, interleukin 2, and mitogen-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes",
abstract = "The human macrophage-like cell line U937 spontaneously produced a nondialyzable factor that inhibited interleukin 1 (IL 1), interleukin 2 (IL 2), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes. The suppression by U937 supernatant factor occurred independently of the concentration of IL 1 or PHA, indicating that it was non-competitive. The U937 suppressor factor was not cytotoxic for thymocytes, nor did it affect the spontaneous proliferation of T lymphoblastoid cell lines and U937. Physicochemical characterization showed that the U937 suppressor factor was non-dialyzable, partially inactivated by heat treatment (56°C), ammonium sulfate (67{\%} saturation) precipitable, sensitive to pH 2.5, and resistant to freeze-thawing. Molecular weight of the factor inhibiting co-mitogenic IL 1 activity was approximately 85,000, as estimated by gel filtration. The U937 cell line may provide a model for the study of mechanisms and mediators of immunosuppression by mononuclear phagocytes.",
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T1 - Spontaneous production of a suppressor factor by the human macrophage-like cell line U937. I. Suppression of interleukin 1, interleukin 2, and mitogen-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes

AU - Fujiwara, H.

AU - Ellner, J. J.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The human macrophage-like cell line U937 spontaneously produced a nondialyzable factor that inhibited interleukin 1 (IL 1), interleukin 2 (IL 2), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes. The suppression by U937 supernatant factor occurred independently of the concentration of IL 1 or PHA, indicating that it was non-competitive. The U937 suppressor factor was not cytotoxic for thymocytes, nor did it affect the spontaneous proliferation of T lymphoblastoid cell lines and U937. Physicochemical characterization showed that the U937 suppressor factor was non-dialyzable, partially inactivated by heat treatment (56°C), ammonium sulfate (67% saturation) precipitable, sensitive to pH 2.5, and resistant to freeze-thawing. Molecular weight of the factor inhibiting co-mitogenic IL 1 activity was approximately 85,000, as estimated by gel filtration. The U937 cell line may provide a model for the study of mechanisms and mediators of immunosuppression by mononuclear phagocytes.

AB - The human macrophage-like cell line U937 spontaneously produced a nondialyzable factor that inhibited interleukin 1 (IL 1), interleukin 2 (IL 2), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes. The suppression by U937 supernatant factor occurred independently of the concentration of IL 1 or PHA, indicating that it was non-competitive. The U937 suppressor factor was not cytotoxic for thymocytes, nor did it affect the spontaneous proliferation of T lymphoblastoid cell lines and U937. Physicochemical characterization showed that the U937 suppressor factor was non-dialyzable, partially inactivated by heat treatment (56°C), ammonium sulfate (67% saturation) precipitable, sensitive to pH 2.5, and resistant to freeze-thawing. Molecular weight of the factor inhibiting co-mitogenic IL 1 activity was approximately 85,000, as estimated by gel filtration. The U937 cell line may provide a model for the study of mechanisms and mediators of immunosuppression by mononuclear phagocytes.

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