The human macrophage-like cell line U937 spontaneously produced a nondialyzable factor that inhibited interleukin 1 (IL 1), interleukin 2 (IL 2), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced blastogenesis in mouse thymocytes. The suppression by U937 supernatant factor occurred independently of the concentration of IL 1 or PHA, indicating that it was non-competitive. The U937 suppressor factor was not cytotoxic for thymocytes, nor did it affect the spontaneous proliferation of T lymphoblastoid cell lines and U937. Physicochemical characterization showed that the U937 suppressor factor was non-dialyzable, partially inactivated by heat treatment (56°C), ammonium sulfate (67% saturation) precipitable, sensitive to pH 2.5, and resistant to freeze-thawing. Molecular weight of the factor inhibiting co-mitogenic IL 1 activity was approximately 85,000, as estimated by gel filtration. The U937 cell line may provide a model for the study of mechanisms and mediators of immunosuppression by mononuclear phagocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas