Spontaneous production of a suppressor factor by a human macrophage-like cell line U937. II. Suppression of antigen- and mitogen-induced blastogenesis, IL 2 production and IL 2 receptor expression in T lymphocytes

H. Fujiwara, Z. Toossi, K. Ohnishi, K. Edmonds, J. J. Ellner

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

U937, a human macrophage-like cell line, spontaneously produces a factor which inhibited blastogenic responses of human blood T lymphocytes stimulated with tuberculin-purified protein derivative (PPD) or phytohemagglutinin (PHA). We investigated the mechanism of suppressor action of the U937 factor. The U937 suppressor factor inhibited interleukin 2 (IL 2) production by human blood T lymphocytes stimulated with PPD or PHA. IL 1 did not overcome the inhibitory action of the U937 factor on PPD-induced IL 2 production by human blood T lymphocytes. The U937 factor also inhibited the production of IL 2 by a human leukemic cell line, JURKAT, stimulated with PHA. The U937 suppressor factor interfered with the expression of Tac antigen (IL 2 receptor) on PPD- or PHA-stimulated blood T lymphocytes. The inhibitory activity of the U937 factor on Tac expression was not affected by the addition of IL 2 or a crude lymphokine-containing T cell supernatant. Tac expression was more sensitive than IL 2 production to inhibition by U937-conditioned medium. The U937 suppressor factor was precipitable by 33 to 67% saturated ammonium sulfate and was inactivated at pH 2 or pH 11. Sephacryl S-200 Gel filtration analysis of U937 culture supernatants revealed that the inhibitory activities for blastogenesis, IL 2 production, and Tac expression co-purified in fractions with an apparent m.w. between 67,000 and 130,000. These data indicate that U937 spontaneously produces a macromolecular suppressive factor with major locus of action on the production of IL 2 and the expression of the IL 2 receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume138
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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