Perfusion of isolated sheep lungs with blood causes spontaneous edema and hypertension preceded by decreases in perfusate concentrations of leukocytes (WBC) and platelets (PLT). To determine whether these decreases were caused by pulmonary sequestration, we continuously measured blood flow and collected pulmonary arterial and left atrial blood for cell concentration measurements in six lungs early in perfusion. Significant sequestration occurred in the lung, but not in the extracorporeal circuit. To determine the contribution of these cells to spontaneous injury in this model, lungs perfused in situ with a constant flow (100 ml · kg-1 · min-1) of homologous leukopenic (WBC = 540 mm-3, n = 8) or thrombocytopenic blood (PLT = 10,000 mm-3, n = 6) were compared with control lungs perfused with untreated homologous blood (WBC = 5,320, PLT = 422,000, n = 8). Perfusion of control lungs caused a rapid fall in WBC and PLT followed by transient increases in pulmonary arterial pressure, lung lymph flow, and perfusate concentrations of 6-ketoprostaglandin F(1α) and thromboxane B2. The negative value of reservoir weight (ΔW) was measured as an index of fluid entry into the lung extravascular space during perfusion. ΔW increased rapidly for 60 min and then more gradually to 242 g at 180 min. This was accompanied by a rise in the lymph-to-plasma oncotic pressure ratio (II(L)/II(P)). Relative to control, leukopenic perfusion decreased the ratio of wet weight to dry weight, the intra- plus extravascular blood weight, and the incidence of bloody lymph. Thrombocytopenic perfusion increased lung lymph flow and the rate of ΔW, decreased II(L)/II(P) and perfusate thromboxane B2, and delayed the peak pulmonary arterial pressure. These results suggest that perfusate leukocytes sequestered in the lung and contributed to hemorrhage but were not necessary for hypertension and edema. Platelets were an important source of thromboxane but protected against edema by an unknown mechanism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)