Spinal cord tumours: Advances in genetics and their implications for treatment

Patricia L. Zadnik, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Peter C. Burger, Chetan Bettegowda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Tumours of the spinal cord, although rare, are associated with high morbidity. Surgical resection remains the primary treatment for patients with this disease, and offers the best chance for cure. Such surgical procedures, however, carry substantial risks such as worsening of neurological deficit, paralysis and death. New therapeutic avenues for spinal cord tumours are needed, but genetic studies of the molecular mechanisms governing tumourigenesis in the spinal cord are limited by the scarcity of high-quality human tumour samples. Many spinal cord tumours have intracranial counterparts that have been extensively studied, but emerging data show that the tumours are genetically and biologically distinct. The differences between brain and spine tumours make extrapolation of data from one to the other difficult. In this Review, we describe the demographics, genetics and current treatment approaches for the most commonly encountered spinal cord tumours-namely, ependymomas, astrocytomas, haemangioblastomas and meningiomas. We highlight advances in understanding of the biological basis of these lesions, and explain how the latest progress in genetics and beyond are being translated to improve patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalNature Reviews Neurology
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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