Sphingosine-1-phosphate protects intestinal epithelial cells from apoptosis through the Akt signaling pathway

Jose Greenspon, Ruiyun Li, Lan Xiao, Jaladanki N. Rao, Bernard S. Marasa, Eric D. Strauch, Jian Ying Wang, Douglas J. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The regulation of apoptosis of intestinal mucosal cells is important in maintenance of normal intestinal physiology. Summary Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been shown to play a critical role in cellular protection to otherwise lethal stimuli in several nonintestinal tissues. Methods The current study determines whether S1P protected normal intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from apoptosis and whether Akt activation was the central pathway for this effect. Results S1P demonstrated significantly reduced levels of apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)/ cycloheximide (CHX). S1P induced increased levels of phosphorylated Akt and increased Akt activity, but did not affect total amounts of Akt. This activation of Akt was associated with decreased levels of both caspase-3 protein levels and of caspase-3 activity. Inactivation of Akt by treatment with the PI3K chemical inhibitor LY294002 or by overexpression of the dominant negative mutant of Akt (DNMAkt) prevented the protective effect of S1P on apoptosis. Additionally, silencing of the S1P-1 receptor by specific siRNA demonstrated a lesser decrease in apoptosis to S1P exposure. Conclusion These results indicate that S1P protects intestinal epithelial cells from apoptosis via an Akt-dependent pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-510
Number of pages12
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Akt signaling
  • Apoptosis
  • Intestinal epithelium
  • Sphingosine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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