Sphingolipid metabolism regulates development and lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans

Roy G. Cutler, Kenneth W. Thompson, Simonetta Camandola, Kendra T. Mack, Mark P. Mattson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sphingolipids are a highly conserved lipid component of cell membranes involved in the formation of lipid raft domains that house many of the receptors and cell-to-cell signaling factors involved in regulating cell division, maturation, and terminal differentiation. By measuring and manipulating sphingolipid metabolism using pharmacological and genetic tools in Caenorhabditis elegans, we provide evidence that the synthesis and remodeling of specific ceramides (e.g., dC18:1-C24:1), gangliosides (e.g., GM1-C24:1), and sphingomyelins (e.g., dC18:1-C18:1) influence development rate and lifespan. We found that the levels of fatty acid chain desaturation and elongation in many sphingolipid species increased during development and aging, with no such changes in developmentally-arrested dauer larvae or normal adults after food withdrawal (an anti-aging intervention). Pharmacological inhibitors and small interfering RNAs directed against serine palmitoyl transferase and glucosylceramide synthase acted to slow development rate, extend the reproductive period, and increase lifespan. In contrast, worms fed an egg yolk diet rich in sphingolipids exhibited accelerated development and reduced lifespan. Our findings demonstrate that sphingolipid accumulation and remodeling are critical events that determine development rate and lifespan in the nematode model, with both development rate and aging being accelerated by the synthesis of sphingomyelin, and its metabolism to ceramides and gangliosides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume143-144
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2014

Keywords

  • Ceramide
  • Gangliosides
  • Longevity
  • Oxidative stress
  • Sphingomyelin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental Biology

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