Speech audiometry findings from HIV+ and HIV- adults in the MACS and WIHS longitudinal cohort studies

Peter Torre, Howard J. Hoffman, Gayle Springer, Christopher Cox, Mary A. Young, Joseph Bernard Margolick, Michael Plankey

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare various speech audiometry measures between HIV+ and HIV- adults and to further evaluate the association between speech audiometry and HIV disease variables in HIV+ adults only. Three hundred ninety-six adults from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) and Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) completed speech audiometry testing. There were 262 men, of whom 117 (44.7%) were HIV+, and 134 women, of whom 105 (78.4%) were HIV+. Speech audiometry was conducted as part of the standard clinical audiological evaluation that included otoscopy, tympanometry, and pure-tone air- and bone-conduction thresholds. Specific speech audiometry measures included speech recognition thresholds (SRT) and word recognition scores in quiet presented at 40. dB sensation level (SL) in reference to the SRT. SRT data were categorized in 5-dB steps from 0 to 25. dB hearing level (HL) with one category as ≥30. dB HL while word recognition scores were categorized as

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 30 2016

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