Spectral karyotypic study of the HL-60 cell line: Detection of complex rearrangements involving chromosomes 5, 7, and 16 and delineation of critical region of deletion on 5q31.1

Jan C. Liang, Yi Ning, Rui yu Wang, Hesed M. Padilla-Nash, Evelin Schröck, Dirk Soenksen, Lalitha Nagarajan, Thomas Ried

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Interstitial deletions of the q arm of chromosome 5 have been associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML); therefore, accurate identification of rearrangements of this chromosome in a model cell line, HL-60, is important for understanding the critical genes involved in this disease. In this study, we employed a newly developed technology termed spectral karyotyping to delineate chromosomal rearrangements in this cell line. Our study revealed a derivative of chromosome 7 that resulted from translocations of chromosome arms 5q and 16q to 7q; that is, der(7)t(5;7)(?;q?)t(5;16)(?;q?). Interestingly, both chromosomes 5 and 7 were also involved in translocations with chromosome 16 in der(16)t(5;16)(q?;q?22~24) and der(16)t(7;16)(?;q?22~24), respectively. Other notable chromosomal abnormalities that were not previously reported in the HL-60 included an insertion of chromosome 8 in the q arm of chromosome 11, a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 14, and a translocation between chromosomes 14 and 15. In an attempt to define the loss of the 5q31.1 region in HL-60, we performed fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis by utilizing bacterial artificial chromosomes BAC1 and BAC2 that spanned the IL9 and EGR1 gene interval, which was previously shown to be a critical region of loss in AML. We showed that a copy of both BAC1 (spanning the D5S399 locus) and BAC2 (spanning the D5S393 locus centromeric to BAC1) were present in the normal chromosome 5, but a second copy of BAC1 was lost and a second copy of BAC2 was inserted in the der(16)t(7;16) chromosome. Thus, not only was this study the first to use the new 24-color karyotyping technique to identify several novel chromosomal rearrangements in HL-60, but it also narrowed the 5q31.1 critical region of deletion to the region represented by BAC1. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume113
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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