In this paper, we address the challenging problem of action recognition, using event-based cameras. To recognise most gestural actions, often higher temporal precision is required for sampling visual information. Actions are defined by motion, and therefore, when using event-based cameras it is often unnecessary to re-sample the entire scene. Neuromorphic, event-based cameras have presented an alternative to visual information acquisition by asynchronously time-encoding pixel intensity changes, through temporally precise spikes (≈ 10 µs resolution), making them well equipped for action recognition. However, other challenges exist, which are intrinsic to event-based imagers, such as higher signal-to-noise ratio, and a spatiotemporally sparse information. One option is to convert event-data into frames, but this could result in significant temporal precision loss. In this work we introduce spatiotemporal filtering in the spike-event domain, as an alternative way of channeling spatiotemporal information through to a convolutional neural network. The filters are local spatiotemporal weight matrices, learned from the spike-event data, in an unsupervised manner. We find that appropriate spatiotemporal filtering significantly improves CNN performance beyond state-of-the-art on the event-based DVS Gesture dataset. On our newly recorded action recognition dataset, our method shows significant improvement when compared with other, standard ways of generating the spatiotemporal filters.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Mar 17 2019|
- Event-based vision
- Feature extraction
- Feature point tracking
- Slow feature analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas