Spatio-energetic cross-talks in photon counting detectors: Detector model and correlated Poisson data generator

Katsuyuki Taguchi, Christoph Polster, Okkyun Lee, Steffen Kappler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An x-ray photon interacts with photon counting detectors (PCDs) and generates an electron charge cloud or multiple clouds. The clouds (thus, the photon energy) may be split between two adjacent PCD pixels when the interaction occurs near pixel boundaries, producing a count at both of the two pixels. This is called double-counting with charge sharing. The output of individual PCD pixel is Poisson distributed integer counts; however, the outputs of adjacent pixels are correlated due to double-counting. Major problems are the lack of detector noise model for the spatio-energetic crosstalk and the lack of an efficient simulation tool. Monte Carlo simulation can accurately simulate these phenomena and produce noisy data; however, it is not computationally efficient. In this study, we developed a new detector model and implemented into an efficient software simulator which uses a Poisson random number generator to produce correlated noisy integer counts. The detector model takes the following effects into account effects: (1) detection efficiency and incomplete charge collection; (2) photoelectric effect with total absorption; (3) photoelectric effect with fluorescence x-ray emission and re-absorption; (4) photoelectric effect with fluorescence x-ray emission which leaves PCD completely; and (5) electric noise. The model produced total detector spectrum similar to previous MC simulation data. The model can be used to predict spectrum and correlation with various different settings. The simulated noisy data demonstrated the expected performance: (a) data were integers; (b) the mean and covariance matrix was close to the target values; (c) noisy data generation was very efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging
PublisherSPIE
Volume9783
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600188
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventMedical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 28 2016Mar 2 2016

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period2/28/163/2/16

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • photon counting
  • spectral distortion
  • spectral response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Spatio-energetic cross-talks in photon counting detectors: Detector model and correlated Poisson data generator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Taguchi, K., Polster, C., Lee, O., & Kappler, S. (2016). Spatio-energetic cross-talks in photon counting detectors: Detector model and correlated Poisson data generator. In Medical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging (Vol. 9783). [97831R] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2217133