Spatial normalization of diffusion tensor images based on anisotropic segmentation

Jinzhong Yang, Dinggang Shen, Chandan Misra, Xiaoying Wu, Susan Resnick, Christos Davatzikos, Ragini Verma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A comprehensive framework is proposed for the spatial normalization of diffusion tensor (DT) brain images using tensor-derived tissue attributes. In this framework, the brain tissues are first classified into three categories: the white matter (WM), the gray matter (GM), and the cerebral-spinal fluid (CSF) using the anisotropy and diffusivity information derived from the full tensor. The tissue attributes obtained from this anisotropic segmentation are then incorporated into a very-high-dimensional elastic registration method to produce a spatial deformation field. Finally, the rotational component in the deformation field, together with the estimated underlying fiber direction, is used to determine an appropriate tensor reorientation. This framework has been assessed quantitatively and qualitatively based on a sequence of experiments. A simulated experiment has been performed to evaluate the accuracy of the spatial warping by examining the variation between deformation fields. To verify the tensor reorientation, especially, in the anisotropic microstructures of WM fiber tissues, an experiment has been designed to compare the fiber tracts generated from the DT template and the normalized DT subjects in some regions of interest (ROIs). Finally, this method has been applied to spatially normalize 31 subjects to a common space, the case in which there exist large deformations between subjects and the existing approaches are normally difficult to achieve satisfactory results. The average across the individual normalized DT images shows a significant improvement in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2008
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2008
EventMedical Imaging 2008: Image Processing - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2008Feb 19 2008

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume6914
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2008: Image Processing
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period2/17/082/19/08

Keywords

  • Anisotropic segmentation
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Registration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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