Sparfloxacin, ethambutol, and cortisol receptor inhibitor RU-40 555 treatment for disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection of normal C57BL/6 mice

C. Perronne, Y. Cohen, C. Truffot-Pernot, J. Grosset, J. L. Vilde, J. J. Pocidalo -

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sparfloxacin (50 mg/kg of body weight given subcutaneously each day), alone or in combination with ethambutol (50 mg/kg given subcutaneously each day), was examined for its therapeutic efficacy against experimental infection induced with the Mycobacterium avium complex in normal C57BL/6 mice. In addition, the potential anti-infective role of RU-40 555 (100 mg/kg given intraperitoneally each day), a drug that inhibits the cortisol receptors, was examined in the same model. Treatments were started 24 h after intravenous bacterial challenge and were continued for 21 days. Compared with controls, sparfloxacin or ethambutol decreased the CFU counts in spleens and lungs (P < 0.001). The sparfloxacin plus ethambutol combination was more effective than sparfloxacin alone in spleens (P < 0.001) but not in lungs. The sparfloxacin plus ethambutol plus RU-40 555 combination was more effective than the sparfloxacin plus ethambutol combination in spleens and lungs (P < 0.001). Thus, in this model, RU-40 555 enhanced the antibacterial activities of the antibiotics tested. Results of the study showed that normal C57BL/6 mice infected with the M. avium complex can be used for the evaluation of antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2408-2412
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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