Sources of personal income and HIV risk among sexually active women

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We examined the relationship between sources of income and sex behaviors among a sample of low-income, sexually active women in Baltimore, MD (n = 517). Data were collected through interviews administered by a trained interviewer and audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI). The study assessed four categories of income: government payments, money from other people, selling items, and irregular jobs (i.e., odds jobs). Having multiple sex partners was associated with receiving income from other people [AOR: 2.60, 95% CI: 1.66-4.09], selling items [AOR: 2.67, 95% CI: 1.64-4.36], and irregular jobs [AOR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.08, 2.29]. Women who exchanged sex were more likely to acquire income through these sources but less likely to receive government assistance [AOR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.39-0.97]. Sexual behaviors are associated with multiple sources of personal income. HIV prevention interventions should address the role that economic factors play in risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-430
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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