Sos-mediated activation of rac1 by p66shc

Firdous A. Khanday, Lakshmi Santhanam, Kenji Kasuno, Tohru Yamamori, Asma Naqvi, Jeremy DeRicco, Artem Bugayenko, Ilwola Mattagajasingh, Andrea Disanza, Giorgio Scita, Kaikobad Irani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


The Son of Sevenless 1 protein (sos1) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for either the ras or rac1 GTPase. We show that p66shc, an adaptor protein that promotes oxidative stress, increases the rac1-specific GEF activity of sos1, resulting in rac1 activation. P66shc decreases sos1 bound to the growth factor receptor bound protein (grb2) and increases the formation of the sos1-eps8-e3b1 tricomplex. The NH2-terminal proline-rich collagen homology 2 (CH2) domain of p66shc associates with full-length grb2 in vitro via the COOH-terminal src homology 3 (C-SH3) domain of grb2. A proline-rich motif (PPLP) in the CH2 domain mediates this association. The CH2 domain competes with the proline-rich COOH-terminal region of sos1 for the C-SH3 domain of grb2. P66shc-induced dissociation of sos1 from grb2, formation of the sos1-eps8-e3b1 complex, rac1-specic GEF activity of sos1, rac1 activation, and oxidative stress are also mediated by the PPLP motif in the CH2 domain. This relationship between p66shc, grb2, and sos1 provides a novel mechanism for the activation of rac1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-822
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 13 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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