Some effects of noncontingent positive reinforcement on multiply controlled problem behavior and compliance in a demand context

Einar T. Ingvarsson, Sung Woo Kahng, Nicole L. Hausman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Functional analysis suggested that the problem behavior of an 8-year-old girl with autism was maintained by escape from demands and access to edible items. Noncontingent delivery of an edible item was sufficient to increase compliance and reduce the rate of problem behavior without the use of escape extinction in a demand context. Leaner and richer schedules of noncontingent reinforcement were equally effective, and there were minimal differences between noncontingent reinforcement and differential reinforcement of compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Escape behavior
  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • Problem behavior
  • Reinforcement density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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