It has been shown that K+ channels, Cp20 (a 20kD GTP-binding protein), and intracellular calcium release, play a key role in associative memory storage. These same elements have been shown to be altered in fibroblasts from Alzheimer's Disease (AD) patients. In addition, it has been shown that PKC, also implicated in memory storage and closely related to the above mentioned components, is also altered in AD fibroblasts. Moreover, β-amyloid was capable of inducing an AD-like phenotype for K+ channels and Cp20 in otherwise normal fibroblasts, providing additional evidence for the potential involvement of these components in AD and suggesting a possible pathological consequence of soluble β-amyloid elevation in AD. Preliminary evidence shows that comparable changes in potassium channel function are also present in human olfactory neuroblasts from AD patients. These results indicate that the observed changes not only occur in peripheral tissues such as fibroblasts, but also in neural tissue, the primary site of AD pathology.
- Alzheimer's disease
- K channles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)