Solitary waves in soybean induced by localized thermal stress

Ryan D. Lang, Alexander G. Volkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Action potentials in higher plants are believed to be the information carriers in intercellular and intracellular communication in the presence of an environmental stressor. Plant electrophysiologists have recorded long distance electrical signaling in higher plants during the last two hundred years. Reproducing the duration, speed of propagation, and the shape of the action potential is challenging. Early measurements revealed that the speed of action potential propagation in plants is extremely slow - from 0.1 mm/s to 20 cm/s, although many faster plant responses to stress have been recorded as well. We hypothesized that this discrepancy is most likely due to the artifacts of aliasing from slow registration systems. In this study, we employ real time measurements using modern data acquisition techniques to detect ultra fast action potentials in green plants induced by localized heat stress. Thermal shock or heat stress is the most common environmental stress. Based on more sophisticated measuring techniques, we show that plants transmit solitary waves and that the speed of action potential propagation in green plants is similar to the speed of action potentials in mammalians, varying from a few meters per second up to 105 m/s. Possible pathways for electrical signal propagation in vascular plants are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-228
Number of pages5
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • Electrical signaling
  • Excitability
  • Localized heat stress
  • Plant electrophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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