Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a relatively uncommon neoplasm that most commonly arises in the pleura. However, SFT is now known to affect various other anatomic sites as well, including rare examples in the skin, where the histologic features of this lesion may create diagnostic confusion with a variety of other spindle-cell tumors. In order to further the characterization of cutaneous SFT, all available cases of that entity were retrieved from the authors' institutional files. Immunohistochemical analysis for CD-34, CD-99, vimentin, bcl-2, factor XIIIa, S100 protein, smooth muscle actin, pankeratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and desmin was performed on those neoplasms and the corresponding clinical information was obtained whenever possible. There were eight men and two women in the study group, with a median age of 43 years. Sites of involvement included the trunk (two cases), cheek (two), scalp (one), forehead (one), lip (one), temple (one), heel (one) and toe (one). All patients were treated with local excision; only one lesion recurred locally, but it required multiple re-excisions. All of the neoplasms were composed of bland spindle cells with a variably fibrous but focally hyalinized collagenous stroma. A variety of case-specific growth patterns were observed. Mitoses were generally rare, ranging from 0 to 3 per 10 ×400 microscopic fields. Immunostains showed reactivity for vimentin in all SFTs, CD-34 in 8 of 10 cases, CD-99 and bcl-2 in 4 of 10 (each) and smooth-muscle actin in 3 of 10 cases. None of the lesions was labeled for factor XIIIa, keratin, EMA, desmin or S100 protein. SFT of the skin appears to be a 'borderline' neoplasm that only uncommonly recurs. Immunoreactivity for CD-34, - especially together with bcl-2 or CD-99, or both - is helpful in identifying this tumor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine