Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that, in addition to its classic presentation as a pleural-based mass, can also be encountered in unusual sites. The main difficulty in making the diagnosis of SFTs results from the unfamiliarity with its diverse clinical and pathologic features. This series of SFTs, some with unusual clinicopathologic presentation, included nine women and two men, ranging in age from 28 years to 74 years (five in pleura, one in lung parenchyma, one in breast, and four in mediastinum). The tumors were locally excised in eight cases and were resected along with portions of lung parenchyma in three. A panel of immunohistochemical stains was used to characterize these tumors. They were all vimentin-positive and, with the exception of one case, CD34-positive. Tumors were negative with antibodies directed against cytokeratin, factor VIII-related antigen, S-100 protein, muscle-specific actin, and smooth- muscle actin. Various diagnoses were initially rendered for these clinically and pathologically diverse lesions by the examining pathologists. Awareness of the various gross and microscopic patterns of these tumors, the possibility of occurring in unusual sites, and the use of immunohistochemical stains, particularly CD34, should eliminate most of the difficulties in arriving at a correct diagnosis. One patient died of metastatic breast cancer; all other patients were alive and well with a median follow-up of 17 months.
ASJC Scopus subject areas