Protein glycosylation is a common post-translational modification and has been increasingly recognized as one of the most prominent biochemical alterations associated with malignant transformation and tumorigenesis. N-linked glycosylation is prevalent in proteins on the extracellular membrane, and many clinical biomarkers and therapeutic targets are glycoproteins. Here, we describe a protocol for solid-phase extraction of N-linked glycopeptides and subsequent identification of N-linked glycosylation sites (N-glycosites) by tandem mass spectrometry. The method oxidizes the carbohydrates in glycopeptides into aldehydes, which can be immobilized on a solid support. The N-linked glycopeptides are then optionally labeled with a stable isotope using deuterium-labeled succinic anhydride and the peptide moieties are released by peptide-N-glycosidase. In a single analysis, the method identifies hundreds of N-linked glycoproteins, the site(s) of N-linked glycosylation and the relative quantity of the identified glycopeptides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)