Children with chronic hepatitis C virus infection have limited treatment options. We evaluated the all-oral combination of sofosbuvir and ribavirin in adolescents aged 12-17 with hepatitis C virus genotype 2 or 3 (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02175758). Fifty-two patients received sofosbuvir 400 mg once daily and weight-based ribavirin twice daily for 12 (genotype 2) or 24 (genotype 3) weeks. The pharmacokinetics of sofosbuvir and its metabolite GS-331007 were evaluated by intensive plasma sampling at day 7 in the first 10 patients enrolled and by sparse sampling in all patients throughout treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the percentage of patients with a sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12). The median age of patients was 15 years, and 75% had genotype 3. Eighty-three percent of patients were treatment-naive, and 73% were infected by vertical transmission. Forty percent were assessed as not having cirrhosis; the remainder did not have a cirrhosis determination. Overall, SVR12 was achieved by 98% of patients (51/52; 95% confidence interval, 90%-100%). SVR12 rates were 100% (13/13) for patients with genotype 2 and 97% (38/39) for those with genotype 3. The single patient who did not achieve SVR12 was lost to follow-up after achieving SVR4. The most commonly reported adverse events were nausea (27%) and headache (23%). When compared with the exposure in adults treated in phase 2 and 3 sofosbuvir studies, the area under the curve and maximum concentration for sofosbuvir and GS-331007 in adolescents were within predefined pharmacokinetic equivalence boundaries of 50%-200%. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir and ribavirin was safe and highly effective in adolescents with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 2 or 3 infection. (Hepatology 2017;66:1102-1110).
ASJC Scopus subject areas