Sofosbuvir and Ribavirin for Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C in Patients Coinfected with Hepatitis C Virus and HIV: The Impact on Patient-Reported Outcomes

Zobair M. Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Mark Sulkowski, Susanna Naggie, Massimo Puoti, Chloe Orkin, Sharon L. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Sofosbuvir-containing regimens have been approved for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. We assessed the effect of treatment with sofosbuvir and ribavirin on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in individuals with HIV/HCV coinfection. Methods. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients were treated for 12 or 24 weeks with sofosbuvir and ribavirin. Matched HCV-monoinfected controls were also evaluated. All subjects completed standard PRO questionnaires before, during, and after treatment. Results. Included were 497 participants from the PHOTON-1 and PHOTON-2 clinical trials. At baseline, more impairment in PRO scores was noted in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, compared with HCV-monoinfected patients. During treatment, moderate decrements in PRO scores (change, up to -6.8% on a 0%-100% scale; P =. 0053) were experienced regardless of treatment duration and were similar to those for HCV-monoinfected patients (all P >. 05). In 413 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with a virologic response sustained for 12 weeks after treatment cessation, most PRO scores improved (change, up to +7.6%; P <. 0001), similar to findings for HCV-monoinfected patients. In multivariate analysis, in addition to clinico-demographic predictors, coinfection with HIV was associated with PRO impairment at baseline (beta, up to -7.6%; P <. 002) but not with treatment-emergent changes in PRO scores (all P >. 05). Conclusions. Patients with HIV/HCV coinfection tolerate interferon-free sofosbuvir-based anti-HCV regimens well and, despite the presence of some baseline impairment, have treatment-emergent changes in PRO scores that are similar to those of patients with HCV monoinfection. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT01667731 (PHOTON-1), NCT01783678 (PHOTON-2), NCT01604850 (FUSION), and NCT01682720 (VALENCE).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-377
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume212
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • HCV/HIV coinfection
  • Hepatitis C treatment
  • cirrhosis
  • health-related quality of life
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • ribavirin
  • sofosbuvir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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