Socioeconomic status and race as risk factors for cockroach allergen exposure and sensitization in children with asthma

Sampson B. Sarpong, Robert G. Hamilton, Peyton A. Eggleston, N. Franklin Adkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The domestic cockroach has been identified as an important source of indoor aeroallergens worldwide in both temperate and tropical climates. Because cockroach populating are highest in crowded urban areas, some have suggested that the increased asthma morbidity and mortality rates in inner cities could be related in part to cockroach allergen exposure. We have examined cockroach allergen exposure in the homes of children with asthma in both urban and suburban locations and have related the rates of exposure and sensitization to socioeconomic, racial, and demographic factors. Objective: The study was designed to determine the independent contribution of race, socioeconomic status, and place or residence to the risk of cockroach allergen exposure and sensitization in children with asthma. Methods: Eighty-seven children with moderate to sever allergic asthma, aged 5 to 17 years, participating in a prospective trial of immunotherapy, were evaluated. Extracted dust samples from three home locations were analyzed by using two-site monoclonal immunoassay for major cockroach allergens (Bla g 1 and Bla g 2). A puncture skin test with a mixed cockroach allergen extract was performed in 81 of the 87 subjects. Results: In the 87 homes evaluated, 26% of the bedroom dust samples had detectable levels of cockroach allergen. In home with detectable bedroom cockroach allergen levels, mena Bla g 1 and Bla g 2 concentrations in urban and suburban homes were similar. Over 80% of children with bedroom Bla g 1 or Bla g 2 of 1 U/gm or greater demonstrated skin sensitivity to cockroach allergen. The rate of cockroach sensitization was directly related to the level of bedroom exposure. African-American race was the only factor that was independently associated with cockroach allergen sensitization on the basis of stepwise multiple linear regression analysis. Conclusions: African-American race and low socioeconomic status were both independent, significant risk factors for cockroach allergen is detectable throughout the house, including the critical bedroom environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1393-1401
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Cockroach allergen
  • asthma
  • children
  • race
  • sensitization
  • socioeconomic status
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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