Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases in Vietnam

Bach Xuan Tran, Mackenzie Pi Moir, Thao Phuong Thi Thai, Long Hoang Nguyen, Giang Hai Ha, Thu Hong Thi Nguyen, Nu Thi Truong, Carl A Latkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conclusions: HRQOL among patients with CVD was moderately lower compared to the Vietnamese general population. Sociodemographic characteristics were strongly associated with HRQOL suggesting that addressing these inequalities should be prioritized in delivering services. Patients should also be encouraged to participate in the chronic disease management program due to its positive effects on quality of life.

Purpose: This study aims to explore the sociodemographic differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Vietnamese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 600 cardiovascular disease patients (300 inpatients and 300 outpatients) being treated at the Hanoi Heart Hospital was completed between July and December 2016. Data about HRQOL were collected by using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) and EuroQOL-visual analogue scale (VAS). Sociodemographic characteristics were collected. A multivariate Tobit regression was used to detect the correlations between HRQOL and sociodemographic factors.

Results: Our sample had an average EQ-5D index of 0.82 (SD=0.21) and VAS score of 77.8 (SD=13.6). Participants were most likely to report problems in pain/discomfort (38.8%) and anxiety/depression (35.2%) and were least likely to report problems related to self-care (19.8%). Age and sex were strongly associated with the EQ-5D index and the VAS. Having health insurance and the number of hospital visits were negatively associated with HRQOL, while participation in the chronic disease management program had the positive relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2018
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Cardiovascular Diseases
Quality of Life
Health
Visual Analog Scale
Disease Management
Health insurance
Chronic Disease
Health Insurance
Self Care
Inpatients
Outpatients
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression
Pain
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases in Vietnam. / Tran, Bach Xuan; Moir, Mackenzie Pi; Thai, Thao Phuong Thi; Nguyen, Long Hoang; Ha, Giang Hai; Nguyen, Thu Hong Thi; Truong, Nu Thi; Latkin, Carl A.

In: BioMed Research International, Vol. 2018, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tran, Bach Xuan ; Moir, Mackenzie Pi ; Thai, Thao Phuong Thi ; Nguyen, Long Hoang ; Ha, Giang Hai ; Nguyen, Thu Hong Thi ; Truong, Nu Thi ; Latkin, Carl A. / Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases in Vietnam. In: BioMed Research International. 2018 ; Vol. 2018.
@article{b7b66e8defad48948f34bf6651d8954f,
title = "Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases in Vietnam",
abstract = "Conclusions: HRQOL among patients with CVD was moderately lower compared to the Vietnamese general population. Sociodemographic characteristics were strongly associated with HRQOL suggesting that addressing these inequalities should be prioritized in delivering services. Patients should also be encouraged to participate in the chronic disease management program due to its positive effects on quality of life.Purpose: This study aims to explore the sociodemographic differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Vietnamese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 600 cardiovascular disease patients (300 inpatients and 300 outpatients) being treated at the Hanoi Heart Hospital was completed between July and December 2016. Data about HRQOL were collected by using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) and EuroQOL-visual analogue scale (VAS). Sociodemographic characteristics were collected. A multivariate Tobit regression was used to detect the correlations between HRQOL and sociodemographic factors.Results: Our sample had an average EQ-5D index of 0.82 (SD=0.21) and VAS score of 77.8 (SD=13.6). Participants were most likely to report problems in pain/discomfort (38.8{\%}) and anxiety/depression (35.2{\%}) and were least likely to report problems related to self-care (19.8{\%}). Age and sex were strongly associated with the EQ-5D index and the VAS. Having health insurance and the number of hospital visits were negatively associated with HRQOL, while participation in the chronic disease management program had the positive relationship.",
author = "Tran, {Bach Xuan} and Moir, {Mackenzie Pi} and Thai, {Thao Phuong Thi} and Nguyen, {Long Hoang} and Ha, {Giang Hai} and Nguyen, {Thu Hong Thi} and Truong, {Nu Thi} and Latkin, {Carl A}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1155/2018/2643814",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2018",
journal = "BioMed Research International",
issn = "2314-6133",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases in Vietnam

AU - Tran, Bach Xuan

AU - Moir, Mackenzie Pi

AU - Thai, Thao Phuong Thi

AU - Nguyen, Long Hoang

AU - Ha, Giang Hai

AU - Nguyen, Thu Hong Thi

AU - Truong, Nu Thi

AU - Latkin, Carl A

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Conclusions: HRQOL among patients with CVD was moderately lower compared to the Vietnamese general population. Sociodemographic characteristics were strongly associated with HRQOL suggesting that addressing these inequalities should be prioritized in delivering services. Patients should also be encouraged to participate in the chronic disease management program due to its positive effects on quality of life.Purpose: This study aims to explore the sociodemographic differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Vietnamese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 600 cardiovascular disease patients (300 inpatients and 300 outpatients) being treated at the Hanoi Heart Hospital was completed between July and December 2016. Data about HRQOL were collected by using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) and EuroQOL-visual analogue scale (VAS). Sociodemographic characteristics were collected. A multivariate Tobit regression was used to detect the correlations between HRQOL and sociodemographic factors.Results: Our sample had an average EQ-5D index of 0.82 (SD=0.21) and VAS score of 77.8 (SD=13.6). Participants were most likely to report problems in pain/discomfort (38.8%) and anxiety/depression (35.2%) and were least likely to report problems related to self-care (19.8%). Age and sex were strongly associated with the EQ-5D index and the VAS. Having health insurance and the number of hospital visits were negatively associated with HRQOL, while participation in the chronic disease management program had the positive relationship.

AB - Conclusions: HRQOL among patients with CVD was moderately lower compared to the Vietnamese general population. Sociodemographic characteristics were strongly associated with HRQOL suggesting that addressing these inequalities should be prioritized in delivering services. Patients should also be encouraged to participate in the chronic disease management program due to its positive effects on quality of life.Purpose: This study aims to explore the sociodemographic differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Vietnamese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 600 cardiovascular disease patients (300 inpatients and 300 outpatients) being treated at the Hanoi Heart Hospital was completed between July and December 2016. Data about HRQOL were collected by using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) and EuroQOL-visual analogue scale (VAS). Sociodemographic characteristics were collected. A multivariate Tobit regression was used to detect the correlations between HRQOL and sociodemographic factors.Results: Our sample had an average EQ-5D index of 0.82 (SD=0.21) and VAS score of 77.8 (SD=13.6). Participants were most likely to report problems in pain/discomfort (38.8%) and anxiety/depression (35.2%) and were least likely to report problems related to self-care (19.8%). Age and sex were strongly associated with the EQ-5D index and the VAS. Having health insurance and the number of hospital visits were negatively associated with HRQOL, while participation in the chronic disease management program had the positive relationship.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055611570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055611570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2018/2643814

DO - 10.1155/2018/2643814

M3 - Article

C2 - 30356405

AN - SCOPUS:85055611570

VL - 2018

JO - BioMed Research International

JF - BioMed Research International

SN - 2314-6133

ER -